The NRA is the lawfully mandated agency for managing and leading the earthquake recovery and reconstruction in Nepal. NRA provides strategic advice to recognize and address to the priorities for recovery and reconstruction  , considering both urgent demands as well as those of a medium- to long-term character. The NRA was formed on 25 December 2015, when the government appointed the Chief Executive Officer.Overall ObjectivesThe NRA’s overall goal is to promptly finish the renovation functions of the structures damaged by the catastrophic earthquake of 25 April 2015 and subsequent aftershocks, in a sustainable, resilient and planned manner to promote domestic interest and provide social justice by making resettlement and translocation of the families and persons displaced by the earthquake. (Adapted from the NRA Act)The goals of this NRA as stated in the National Reconstruction Policy are:• To reconstruct, retrofit and restore partially- and completely-damaged residential, government and community buildings and heritage Websites   , to make them disaster-resistant using local technologies as necessary;• To rebuild (restore) ruined cities and ancient villages to their original form, while enhancing the durability of their constructions;• To build resilience among people and communities at risk in the earthquake-affected districts;• To build new opportunities by revitalizing the productive industry for economic opportunities and livelihoods;• To research and research the science of earthquakes, their impact including damages and effects, and post-earthquake recovery, such as reconstruction, resettlement, rehabilitation and disaster risk reduction; and• To resettle the affected communities by identifying appropriate sitesRole & Functions of Government:The National Planning Commission ready Post-Earthquake Recovery and Reconstruction Policy, which discourages use of prefabricated building materials, makes it mandatory for international non-governmental organizations to rope in domestic partners prior to executing functions associated with rehabilitation and reconstruction, and involves utilization of domestic financial resources to rebuild local and national heritage websites.”It will work as a guiding instrument for donor agencies, INGOs, NGOs and other organizations to frame applications on recovery and reconstruction and help those affected by earthquakes,”.Although the policy was supposed to be formulated from the NRA, the NPC took the initiative in this regard to help the body expedite implementation of rehabilitation and reconstruction programs once it officially begins functioning.The policy, has advocated ways to make jobs at the local level, improve livelihood and make sure the most vulnerable are not left out. The main focus of this draft policy is on rebuilding private houses ruined by the earthquake, restoration of societal infrastructure, such as schools and health facilities, and renovation of legacy websites. To meet these targets, principle of’Centralized Policy, Decentralized Developers’ has been adopted. According to this principle, policies could be framed by central government agencies, whilst work strategies to implement such policies could be designed at local or districts levels.The policy includes, thus, called on everybody considering getting involved in the renovation drive, especially NGOs and INGOs, to follow conventional, design and methods accepted by the government while preparing their applications, and operate in coordination with local communities throughout execution phase.”INGOs considering participating in rehabilitation and reconstruction activities must function in coordination with Nepali bureaus and take approval of local communities before implementing their works,” says the draft policy. It adds that people must rebuild or renovate their destroyed or damaged homes on their own. “The authorities would extend technical and financial support in this regard,” states the draft, including,”The funds pledged by the government could be deposited in joint accounts of wife and husband, wherever possible.” Also, technical teams would be discharged to demonstrate techniques of building quake-resilient houses, and skills training could be provided to people interested. The coverage has also laid emphasis on local participation in building of private homes so as to make tasks. It has also prioritized use of local construction materials such as concrete and mud blocks, precast beam and slabs.”Use of prefabricated materials and other imported construction materials must be discouraged,” says the coverage. It speaks of extending funds to home owners and renters, who do not have a place to stay because of destruction, due to quakes, forming mechanisms to ensure transparency through procurement procedures, establishment of district rehab and reconstruction coordination committees, and appointment of undersecretary level staff as district reconstruction coordinator.By enforcing the Essential Services Operation Act, 1957, the Government ensured that the supply of essential goods and services into the affected area. The CNDRC formed a Central Command Post (CCP) headed by Home Secretary. Alternative provisional arrangements were made for the smooth delivery of public services associated with education, health, justice, security as well as administrative services before public schools, health associations, courts and other infrastructures of public significance damaged in the earthquake are reconstructed. Nepal’s National Disaster Response Framework (NDRF) functioned as a key tool for manipulation of earthquake response, facilitating decisions and instructions from the central authorities. The initial meeting of the Central Disaster Relief Committee (CDRC) was held two hours following the first earthquake, with the National Emergency Operation Centre (NEOC) providing an initial report to the CDRC advocating an eye on Search and Rescue (SAR), and lifesaving actions. Financial resources in the Prime Minister’s Disaster Relief Fund were instantly allocated, and the government’s Cluster mechanics, comprising 11 sectors, were instantly triggered.

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